This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract There has been consensus that logistics as well as supply chain management is a vital research field, yet with few literature reviews on this topic. This paper sets out to propose some hot issues in the current research, through a review of related literature from the perspective of operations management.
This discipline covers not only manufacturing processes, but support processes that add value to the product or service as well as the management of the entire supply chain. However, for these to have any significant or lasting effect, they must be done within a coordinated strategy for both short and long-term organizational effectiveness.
There are a number of tools and techniques that can be used by managers to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of business operations. These include lean manufacturing, total quality management, and business process reengineering strives to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the various processes within an organization.
Operations Management Overview Business organizations exist to provide something of value to their stakeholders. For stockholders, this may mean profitability and return on investment. For employees, this may mean job security and a wage that is at or above industry standards.
For distributors and suppliers, this may mean sufficient commerce to keep their own operations going. To meet these disparate objectives, organizations need to be able to offer a product or service of value to the customer, whether it is light-weight running shoes, steel rivets, or consulting services.
Operations management comprises those areas of management that are concerned with productivity, quality, and cost in the operations function i. Business operations include any processes that transform any inputs such as labor, capital, materials, and energy into products and services that are of value in the marketplace.
Operations management draws from multiple disciplines in order to optimize the effectiveness of operations within the organization. Operations management is more than an emphasis on manufacturing processes. There are many activities within an organization that add value to the end product or service but that do not directly provide goods or services to the customer.
Human resources also supports business operations by developing and implementing policies and procedures that ensure that employees are treated fairly and are motivated to use their skills and talents in helping the business become a high performing organization. In addition, operations management is not only concerned with the operations within the single organizational entity, but also of the smooth and efficient operations of the entire supply chain.
This is the network of organizations involved in the production, delivery, and sale of a product. The supply chain may include suppliers, manufacturers, storage facilities, transporters, and retailers. The supply chain includes the flow of tangible goods and materials, funds, and information between the organizations in the network, all of which adds value to the product or service being offered to the customer.
Historically, operations management focused on providing the highest possible quality for the lowest possible price. Increasingly, however, customers are also demanding greater product variety, short life cycles, and other qualities that require organizations to more closely examine their operations for ways to better meet the needs of the marketplace.
In addition, globalization has brought with it increased competition from overseas operations that are able to provide products or services at lower cost.
This results not only in greater competition but also in the need to put even more emphasis on optimizing the effectiveness and efficiency of operations in order to stay viable in the marketplace.
However, for these methods to have any significant or lasting effect, they must be done as part of a coordinated strategy designed to improve both short and long-term organizational effectiveness.
A strategy is a plan of action to help the organization reach its goals and objectives, including organizational effectiveness and marketplace viability. The strategic planning process helps the organization determine what goals to set and how to reach them.
Because of its concern with organizational performance and effectiveness, one of the tasks of operations management is to set the strategy — including goals and objectives — of the organization.
Strategic planning is the process of determining the best way to accomplish the goals of the organization. Goals and objectives define in practical terms what the organization would like to be within a specific period of time.
Applications There are a number of tools and techniques that can be used by managers to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of business operations.
These include lean manufacturing, total quality management, and business process reengineering.
Lean manufacturing strives to eliminate waste and continually improve productivity. Total quality management strives to improve customer satisfaction by improving quality. Business process reengineering strives to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the various processes within an organization.Our leading writing service provides custom written papers in 80+ disciplines.
Order either short essays or extensive dissertations & our expert ENL writers will easily prepare a paper . Operations research and computers interact in many scientific fields of vital importance to our society. These include, among others, transportation, economics, investment strategy, inventory control, logistics, safety, reliability, urban planning, and ecology.
term papers - research and term paper help by geeks trained to assist college students. This list of management research paper topics provides key issues and topics that managers are confronting in the modern world. New technologies, globalization, and associated ethical implications frame many of these issues like the management of nonprofit, arts, .
- Operations Management The purpose of this paper is to describe the importance of operations management to a health care organization.
In addition, the author of this paper will provide a personal definition of what operations management means and why is important to a healthcare organization. WAREHOUSING EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS IN THE LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT PROCESS Gursharan Kaur Lecturer, Gobindgarh Public College, Alour, Khanna.